Compost & Composting - An Introduction

What is Compost?

Everything that was once alive will decompose when they die. Compost is decomposed organic matter. It is the rich, black crumbly, soil-like substance that is left behind when the organic matter is completely decomposed and the original is no longer discernable.

Why Compost?

Composting your organic wastes not only keeps them out of the landfills, but when applied back into your garden, increases the health of your soil. Compost stores nutrients, in the form that is easily absorbed by plant roots.

How to Compost? (Hot Composting)

Composting is nature's way of recycling. When a plant or animal dies, bacteria get to work to decompose the remains. Various types of bacteria thrive in different specific conditions. If left to nature, the composting process takes time, even years to break down organic matter. To increase the speed of the composting process, we need to improve the conditions affecting the composting process, which are:
• Aeration
• Moisture
• Amount of surface area exposed
• Particle size
• Carbon-Nitrogen ratio

By providing the optimum amount if air and moisture, in a mass that is large enough to help the bacteria go through the three stages of heating, we can quickly create the best conditions for composting to take place.